Diabetes

resizedimage150150 bodychecksmallAn appropriate health professional or medical doctor should always be consulted if a serious condition is suspected. All the information here should not be considered as conclusive medical advice.

Related test item Description

Fasting

Glucose

Measurement of blood glucose in a person who has not eaten anything for at least 8 hours.  

This test is used to detect diabetes and pre-diabetes.

HbA1c

 (Glycated

Haemoglobin)

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin which is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. It is formed in a non-enzymatic glycation pathway by hemoglobin's exposure to plasma glucose. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound.

Levels of HbA1c are not influenced by daily fluctuations in the blood glucose concentration but reflect the average glucose levels over the prior six to eight weeks.

Therefore, HbA1c is a useful indicator of how well the blood glucose level has been controlled in the recent past three months.