Heart Disease & Stroke

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An appropriate health professional or medical doctor should always be consulted if a serious condition is suspected. All the information here should not be considered as conclusive medical advice.

Related test item Description
Total Cholesterol

A complete cholesterol test — also called a lipid panel or lipid profile — is a blood test that can measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood.

A cholesterol test can help determine your risk of atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaques in your arteries that can lead to narrowed or blocked arteries throughout your body. High cholesterol levels usually don't cause and signs or symptoms, so a cholesterol test is an important tool. High cholesterol levels are a significant risk factor for heart disease.

HDL Cholesterol

LDL is a type of lipoprotein that carries cholesterol in the blood, mostly fat and only a small amount of protein from the liver to other parts of the body. LDL is considered to be undesirable because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessel and contributes to hardening of the arteries.

That is why LDL cholesterol is referred to as "bad" cholesterol.


Triglycerides are a type of fat the body uses to store energy and give energy to muscles. Most triglycerides are found in fat (adipose) tissue, but some triglycerides circulate in the blood to provide fuel for muscles to work. Only small amounts are found in the blood. After you eat, increased levels of triglycerides are found in the blood as your body converts the energy you don’t need right away into fat.


Triglycerides move via the blood from the gut to adipose tissue for storage. In between meals, triglycerides are released from fat tissue to be used as an energy source for the body.

 C Reactive Protein
A protein found in the blood and identified as a principle clinical marker for systemic inflammation which means its presence indicates a heightened state of inflammation in the body.
 Homocysteine Homocysteine is an amino acid product in the body arising from the metabolism of essential amino acid called Methionine. Methionine is derived from digestion of dietary protein such as meat, eggs and milk. Excessive methionine is converted into Homocysteine.