Liver

resizedimage150150 liverAn appropriate health professional or medical doctor should always be consulted if a serious condition is suspected. All the information here should not be considered as conclusive medical advice.

Related test item Description
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

Alkaline phosphatase, an enzyme found in large amount in bone, liver and bile duct, and smaller amount in kidney, intestine and placenta of pregnant women.

The test is usually requested to investigate or monitor treatment for bone or liver disorders.

Bilirubin Total An orange-yellowish pigment found in bile, produced in the liver from break down of old RBCs, and removed from the body into feces.

The test is usually requested to diagnose and/or monitor liver diseases, bile duct obstruction, hemolytic anemia or liverrelated metabolic problem.

Protein Total  Total protein, the total measurement of albumin and globulin in the blood. The test is usually requested to investigate kidney or liver disorders, or determine a person’s nutritional status.
 Albumin The most abundant protein in blood serum, which is synthesized in the liver and important in controlling fluid flow and vitamins, drugs, hormones and ion transportation. 
 Globulin A protein synthesized in the liver and immune system and functions as enzymes, transport proteins or antibodies.

The test is usually requested to investigate kidney, liver or immunization disorders.

 SGPT (ALT)

Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (Alanine transaminase), an enzyme found in large amount in liver and kidney, and small amount in heart and muscle.

The test is usually requested to investigate liver damage.

 
 SGOT (AST) Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (Aspartate transaminase), an enzyme found in large amount in liver and heart, and small amount in kidney and muscle.

The test is usually requested to investigate liver damage or monitor potential toxicity and effectiveness of certain medication and therapy.

 Gamma GT Gamma-glutamyl transferase, an enzyme found mainly in bile duct and liver.

The test is usually requested to investigate bile duct injury, liver disorders or determining the cause of high ALP.

Related test item Description
Hepatitis A IgG
antibody
A “positive” or ”reactive” test result indicates current infection, successful response to Hepatitis A vaccine or
recovery from past infection which persists for life and immune to future infection.
HBs Ag A “positive” or ”reactive” test result indicates acute or chronic infection.
HBs Ab Hepatitis B surface antibody, produced in response to the HBs Ag.
Hepatitis C IgG antibody Hepatitis C antibody, produced in response to HCV after several months.